The first dogs of the Americas, the Xoloitzcuintli have been around for over 3,000 years, dating back to ancient Mexico. Pronounced "show-low-eats-QUEENT-lee" the breed gets its name from two words in Nahuatl, the language of the Aztecs. Xolo- deriving from Xolotl, the god of lightning and death, and -itzcuintli, meaning "dog." The Aztecs considered the Xolo sacred. Xolos were believed to possess mystical healing properties, while serving as spirit guides.
Xolos were believed to protect the home from evil spirits and intruders. In ancient times, Xolos were sacrificed and buried with humans to guide the soul on its journey to Mictlan, the underworld of Aztec mythology.
To learn more about this ancient breed, please refer to the American Kennel Club for a complete list of Breed Traits & Characteristics.
We strongly suggest those who are interested in getting a xolo to educate themselves about the breed first!
Xoloitzcuintli come in 3 sizes:
Xolos will often act aloof in public and be wary of strangers. They should never be aggressive. Xolos bond strongly with one person, and are known to be velcro dogs.
Though they're famously known for their hairlessness, the Xolo also comes in a coated variety.
Owning a primitive breed is a huge commitment. The Xolo requires a dedicated owner who can commit to a balanced schedule of socialization, play, training, and exercise.
What works for one Xolo might not work for another.
A coated Xolo requires occasional baths and brushing.
A hairless Xolo requires no brushing, but does require semi-frequent baths, followed by a moisturizer. Many use coconut oil, almond oil, or jojoba oil.
Depending on color, some Xolos might need a dog-safe sunscreen.
Many often wonder what the skin of a Xolo feels like: it can be likened to leather, as the skin is thick, tough and protective.
In adolescence, acne is common and perfectly normal.
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