Is Xoloitzcuintli the right breed for you?
Typical Xolo temperament is calm, tranquil, aloof and attentive. They make excellent companion dogs with moderate exercise and grooming needs.
- Non-Sporting Group; AKC recognized in 2011.
- Toy (at least 10 through 14 inches tall at the shoulder), Miniature (over 14 through 18 inches tall) or Standard size (over 18 through 23 inches tall).
- Guard; companion.
One of the world’s oldest and rarest breeds, the Xolo can justly be called the first dog of the Americas. Archaeological evidence indicates that Xol’s accompanied man on his first migrations across the Bering Straits. Highly prized for their curative and mystical powers, the Xolo’s breed purity has been maintained throughout the ages. Ancient clay representations bear witness to the fact that the breed has remained virtually unchanged for centuries. Modern day Xol’s bear a striking resemblance to these primeval artifacts.
The name Xoloitzcuintli (pronounced show-low-etz-queent-lee) is derived from the name of the Aztec Indian god Xolotl and Itzcuintli, the Aztec word for dog. The Xolo held a place of special religious significance for many ancient cultures. Clay and ceramic effigies of Xolos date back over 3000 years and have been discovered in the tombs of the Toltec, Aztec, Mayan, Zapoteca, and Colima Indians. The famous pottery dogs of Colima provide evidence of the intricate bond which has existed between man and Xolo for centuries. All of these relics give testimony to the civilizations’ fondness for these wonderful dogs. They are truly a living link to the glory of these primitive cultures.
- The Xolo’s reputation as a healer persists to this day. It is not at all uncommon to find Xolos put to use in remote Mexican and Central American villages. Believed to ward off and cure numerous ailments including rheumatism, asthma, toothache and insomnia, undoubtedly the gentle warmth of the Xolo skin does have a palliative effect on the sufferer.
- Esteemed as guards and protectors, Xolos were believed to safeguard the home from evil spirits as well as intruders. In ancient times Xolos were often sacrificed and buried with their masters in order to guide the soul on its journey to the underworld.